|Black History In An Hour|
This app will provide the reader with an introduction to the powerful and dramatic history that is loosely termed 'Black History'. The study of Black History in the West has to be seen primarily in the context of American history. It was in the USA, where all men are created equal, that slavery and the fight for civil rights had its most profound effect. That said, this app does not ignore events in either Great Britain or South Africa.
Freedom and the rights of the individual formed the basis of the Declaration of Independence. But Thomas Jefferson, the composer of the Declaration, was himself, an owner of slaves, 200 of them. George Washington, the first President of the USA, likewise owned slaves as did most of his immediate successors. The thirteen British colonies of North America that had fought for and won their freedom in 1776 had felt enslaved by the British but saw no contradiction that at the point of independence no less than 20% of their number were slaves.
But the anti-slavery voice of the Northern states grew stronger and in 1780 Pennsylvania became the first state to abolish slavery within its borders. More Northern states were to follow but the Southerners, so dependent on slavery, held their position. So polarised the North and South, so divided the country on this one central, fundamental issue that the country went to war with itself. The result, the American Civil War (1861-1865), brought about the end of slavery and the emancipation of America's vast black population.
But the end of the Civil War in 1865 and the liberation of the blacks, although a triumph, was merely the end of the first chapter in American Black History.
Ahead lay a struggle of epic proportions as African Americans fought deep-seated discrimination, violence and intimidation to assert their political, cultural and economic identity, a story that, for many, concluded with the election, in 2008, of America's first black president.
This, in an hour, is the story of black history.
Also available as an ebook for the Amazon Kindle.